Where do nitrates come from?

Nitrates are a result of the nitrogen cycle. Aerobic bacteria and fungi break down wastes (leftover food, decaying organisms, feces, etc.) into ammonia. Ammonia is then broken down into nitrite, and nitrite to nitrate. In nature, another set of bacteria further breaks down nitrate into nitrogen gas which is then released into the air before the nitrates can have a negative impact on the ecosystem. This last step (called complete denitrification) relies on these special bacteria, however, that require low oxygen levels and stagnant water to thrive. Most aquariums do not provide this habitat and cannot accomplish the last step of the nitrogen cycle without help from products such as X-NO3.

What causes high nitrate levels?

Nitrates occur in the aquarium naturally, from the bi-products of the inhabitants. Over feeding, over stocking, and dirty filters can all contribute to the nitrogen cycle and result in high nitrate levels.

Why are nitrates bad?

The presence of nitrates can cause fish to become stressed, allowing them to become susceptible to diseases and ultimately death. Internal organ damage, behavioral changes, and blindness can be results of high nitrate levels as well. Additionally, nitrates can alter the water quality in your aquarium, causing algae blooms.

What is the desired level of nitrates in an aquarium?

In nature, nitrate levels are usually below 5 ppm. In aquariums, it is generally best to keep nitrates below 50 ppm, and closer to 25 ppm if possible. If you are breeding fish or combatting algae plumes, below 10 ppm should be your nitrate goal. Reef aquaria with sensitive invertebrates and corals require levels of nitrate that are undetectable. X-NO3  is the absolute best way to achieve this with its ability to selectivity target nitrate and continue to remove it down to an undetectable level.

Why X-NO3?

X-NO3 is different than other denitrification products in that it can be used in saltwater or freshwater aquariums, can be regenerated indefinitely, and works quickly and effectively. Furthermore, there are no water changes, no danger to your fish, and no expensive upkeep! It is truly the perfect solution for aquarium nitrate removal.

How does X-NO3 get rid of nitrates?

X-NO3 selectively absorbs and maintains nitrates, causing nitrate levels to decrease, until it reaches its maximum capacity. If you notice a plateau or spike in nitrate level while monitoring aquarium nitrates then it is time to regenerate the X-NO3.  X-NO3 has a high absorption capacity and will not leach back the absorbed nitrate back into the water column.

How do you regenerate X-NO3?

Dissolve four cups of table salt into one gallon of room temperature water. Add used X-NO3 and allow to soak overnight. Drain water, rinse X-NO3, and place back in aquarium to continue removing the remaining nitrate. This can be repeated hundreds of times!

What are other ways to enhance the effects of X-NO3?

In addition to using X-NO3 in your aquarium, you can affect nitrate levels in a few ways. This lowers nitrate levels even further and causes effects to last longer. For instance, reducing the number of fish in the aquarium, feeding less, adding live plants or “live rock”, rinsing filters often, and checking nitrate levels of the water you use for water changes in your aquarium can all have an impact on your water chemistry. I.e., if your tap water has a nitrate level of 20ppm, adding it to your aquarium that you have reduced to a nitrate level of 10ppm can actually raise the nitrate level when performing partial water changes rather than decreasing it.